We are delighted to announce that Peter’s new book, ‘The Roman Frontiers in Wales’ is now published!
It tells the story of the conquest and subjugation of the native tribes by the Roman army, as well as their subsequent annexation and integration into the administrative structures and economic networks of Roman Britain. The book has 2 parts – it opens with a summary of the Frontiers of the Roman Empire by Prof. David Breeze, followed by the wide-ranging overview of the historical and archaeological evidence for the Roman army’s presence in Wales.
Themes covered include:
- Nature of the Roman Frontiers in Wales
- History of Research in Wales
- The Roman Invasion of Britain
- The Native Tribes of Prehistoric Wales
- The Conquest and Pacification of Wales
- The Roman Frontiers in Wales
- Later History of Roman Wales
- The Legacy of Rome
Roman Frontiers in Wales is published in the ‘Frontiers of the Roman Empire’ series (edited by Prof. Breeze), which now includes 20 multi-lingual books covering almost all of the 4,600 miles of the imperial frontiers.
Roman Frontiers in Wales is available from Archaeopress as a paperback (£14.99), or an Open Access eBook.
As the sun sets on this year’s excavation at Hinton St Mary, it’s worth taking a moment to look back on what has been an unbelievably successful season.
We excavated 3 trenches around the location of the famous mosaic discovered in 1963 (the 3rd trench was inside the corrugated cow shed in the photo on the right), and have shown that it cannot have belonged to a typical courtyard villa as has been proposed for the past 60 years. Instead, it appears that it decorated the floor of a building that possibly stood alone (to be confirmed!), but with other contemporary buildings around it. The largest of these was long and rectangular and divided into smaller rooms, one of which was also furnished with a tessellated floor (sadly heavily disturbed by later ploughing).
We trained 9 undergraduate archaeologists from Cardiff University / Prifysgol Caerdydd University and 11 other volunteers at the beginning of their archaeological careers. We invited 33 children with special educational needs from Yewstock School to work with us in the trenches and showed over 300 people around the site during our various open events too. We made lots of friends in the area and we’re very grateful to the Hinton St Mary Estate and the local community for making us so welcome during our time in the village.
This is a truly collaborative project and lots of people and organisations chipped in to help. Prof. Keith Wilkinson from the University of Winchester provided training in surveying as well as geophysical prospection and also undertook a new GPR survey of the site, while Porf. Mark Maltby of Bournemouth University explained the mysteries of zooarchaeology to help us understand the faunal remains we were collecting. The original mosaic was painted by Dr David Neal in 1963 and it was brilliant to see him back on site 59 years later helping us record the new mosaic!
Archaeology is about people – past and present – and special thanks to all the DHSM22 team for making this such a rewarding and enjoyable experience. Firstly, the inspirational staff from our commercial partners Albion Archaeology – Mike Luke, Kathy Pilkinton and Matevz Groselj – as well as Phineas Elmore, Chris and Steve Waite, and the legendary Archie Gillespie. Thanks also to the fantastic students and volunteers who were just – well, fantastic!
Finally, a special thank you to Drs Jill Cook and Richard Hobbs from The British Museum for making all of this possible.
More info about the Hinton mosaic as well as previous work at the site can be found at here, which will be updated soon with a summary of this season’s results.
Really great to be back at Hinton St Mary! We’re here on behalf of The British Museum with our commercial partners Albion Archaeology to find out more about the fabulous mosaic discovered here almost 60 years ago (currently in the BM), and the mysterious Romano-British ‘villa’ to which it apparently belonged.
This is also a training excavation and once again we’re pleased to welcome undergraduate archaeologists from Cardiff University / Prifysgol Caerdydd, as well as several volunteers from last year’s evaluation.
Hinton St Mary is the home of the Pitt Rivers family and the gates of the Manor carry the initials of one of modern archaeology’s most famous, and important, innovators – Augustus Henry Pitt Rivers. Many thanks to the Hinton St Mary Estate for making us so welcome and also to the lovely landowner and fine artist, Katie Scorgie, for allowing us to dig up her garden (again).
More information about the Hinton mosaic as well as previous work at the site can be found here.
An article describing the hoard of 309 late Roman coins from Hengrove in Bristol has been published in the new volume of Numismatic Chronicle! The photo on the right shows some of the large number of Magnentian coins from this unique coin hoard.
Discovered during a watching brief carried out by Cotswold Archaeology in Sept. 2019, the 309 bronze coins were cleaned and conserved by Drakon Heritage and Conservation before arriving on my desk in late 2020 for identification and reporting.
So, just over 3 years after the hoard saw the light of day for the 1st time in something like 1,660 years, this collaborative project has ended with a research article in the prestigious Num Chron!
Thanks to my co-author Ed McSloy from CA, Pieta Greaves ACR from Drakon and the developer Bellway Homes for making this happen. If you don’t have your own copy of Numismatic Chronicle, you can find out more on Peter’s Academia page, or here.
Perhaps you have a hoard of Roman coins hanging around waiting for someone to take a look and reveal its secrets?
Very pleased to announce that the long-awaited article describing the history and architecture of the forum-basilica at Caerwent is published!
It’ll appear in the 2022 issue of the journal Britannia, but it’s now available as an Open Access article (with thanks to my old friends at Barbican Research Associates for making this happen).
Caerwent is the site of the Roman city of Venta Silurum (‘Market of the Silures’) and the forum-basilica was its main public building, the equivalent of a ‘town hall’ today. It was where the city’s administrative, judicial, commercial and religious functions were located, and the article describes the results of the important excavations carried out by the National Museum of Wales between 1987 and 1995.
It recounts the history of this public building, but it also tells the remarkable story of the fortunes of the British tribe known as the Silures following a 30-year war against the Roman invaders. After their final defeat in the later 70s, the Silures would suffer another 40 years or so of occupation by 1000s of Roman soldiers before the authorities decided that they should be granted the same rights and privileges as other tribes in the province of Britannia.
This led to the creation of the Civitas Silurum, an administrative area (civitas) similar to today’s county, when the tribe was allowed a limited degree of self-autonomy. Venta Silurum was founded as the ‘capital city’ of the new civitas and it was not just the ‘Market of the Silures’, but also the seat of local government for much of Roman south Wales.
It is with disbelief, shock and despair that we have watched the Russian invasion of Ukraine unfold in recent days. The appalling scenes we are witnessing have no place in Europe in the 21st century and we stand in support of Ukrainians in this senseless war. In solidarity with the people of Ukraine, we are proud to carry their nation’s colours on our homepage’s banner.
#Слава Україні #StandWithUkraine #StopTheWar #GoHomeRussia #Slava Ukraini
New page launched about the collaborative research and training project at Hinton St Mary! Evaluation excavations in 2021 explored the local context of the famous Hinton St Mary mosaic (which might, or might not, show Jesus Christ). Find out more about the mosaic, previous archaeological work at the site, as well as the surprsing results of the evaluation.
We are delighted to announce a new 3-year archaeological science project funded by The Leverhulme Trust that will examine how the Roman army in Britain was provisioned. ‘Feeding the Roman Army in Britain‘ is the largest project of its kind to date and will use cutting-edge technology to find out where the animals consumed by Roman soldiers in their forts on Hadrian’s Wall, the Antonine Wall and in SE Wales were reared. This will lead to new insights about the impact of 1000s of Roman soldiers on the native populations in newly-conquered provinces, as well as how the Roman Empire functioned economically.
Archaeology is about discovery and adventure. Uncovering important new evidence about the past is core to what we do at Vianova, and we will continue to be ambitious, innovative, collaborative and focused on delivering excellence to each and every one of our clients.
Find out more about the project here.
We are very pleased to announce that we have been commissioned to write The Roman Frontier in Wales in the international Frontiers of the Roman Empire series. This book will describe the history and archaeology of the Roman army’s efforts to subdue and pacify the native tribes in Wales, from the initial pursuit of the fugitive British leader Caratacus, to the final campaigns of conquest 30 years later and the subsequent occupation of the country by some 25,000 soldiers. Roman Frontier in Wales will be an illustrated and up-to-date account of the Roman army’s conquest of Wales that will appeal to archaeologists, historians, students and the general public. The book will be published by Archaeopress in English and Welsh, and will be available in hard copy as well as a free ebook.
Prof. David Breeze and Dr Jon Berry from Cadw will be providing advice and guidance, and we are grateful to Richard Beleson and the Senhouse Museum Trust, Maryport for supporting the project.
The Frontiers of the Roman Empire series currently includes 12 books covering Hadrian’s Wall, the Antonine Wall, the Lower German limes, the Danube limes, North Africa and Egypt, as well as national books for Austria, Bulgaria, Germany (Bavaria), Hungary, Serbia and Slovakia. 2 new books will be published shortly, covering the Eastern frontier (Middle East) and the late Roman Saxon Shore. The existing books are all available here, where you can find other resources about the frontiers of the Roman Empire.
101 years ago, an event took place that would change the study of Roman Britain forever. In 1920 R.E. Mortimer Wheeler submitted an application to the new post of ‘Keeper of the Archaeological Department & Lecturer in Archaeology’ at the National Museum of Wales. Mortimer Wheeler’s application was successful and his appointment in Cardiff began a remarkable career that would have an enormous impact on how archaeology was done in this country, as well as how Roman Britain was taught and presented to the public.
Wheeler is a controversial figure now, but he was an extraordinary man who led an extraordinary life. It was in Wales that he established his reputation as an innovative field archaeologist, developing the principles of methodological excavation and recording of archaeological stratigraphy (influenced by the work of earlier pioneers such as Augustus Pitt Rivers and Flinders Petrie). The ‘Wheeler Method’ (or ‘box and section’ method), was first put into practice on his excavations of the auxiliary forts at Segontium (Caernarfon) and Brecon Gaer, before he turned his attention to the remains of the legionary fortress at Caerleon. Wheeler’s excavation of the Amphitheatre in 1926 and 1927 (which, like his later excavations, was carried out and published with his first wife, Tessa Verney Wheeler), was a colossal undertaking that captured the British public’s imagination only a few years after Howard Carter’s discovery of the tomb of Tutankhamun. Today the Amphitheatre is one of Roman Britain’s most iconic surviving monuments.
Archaeologists have returned time and again to Caerleon since the Wheelers’ excavations, and recent surveys, excavations and cutting-edge scientific projects are generating new information that is changing our understanding of Isca and the Second Augustan Legion (you can find out about these projects at https://vianovaarchaeology.com/roman-caerleon/). 101 years after Mortimer Wheeler’s arrival in Cardiff, Caerleon is still a key site for the study of the conquest of Wales and the assimilation of its native tribes into the political structures and economic networks of Roman Britannia.
Putting the finishing touches to an article about a unique hoard of mid-4th century Roman coins from south Bristol. 309 coins in a pot, of which a significant number were struck by the usurpers Magnentius and Decentius who ruled the western provinces of the Roman Empire between 350 and 353.
The hoard includes Magnentius’s remarkable coinage with the legend SALVS DD NN AVG ET CAES (loosely translates as ‘safety or well-being of our lords and emperors’), around a striking design of a large Chi-Rho flanked by alpha and omega.
The SALVS type associated the health and prosperity of the Empire with Christianity, although the design of these coins also might have emphasised Magnentius’ devotion to Catholic orthodoxy (in contrast to the Arian form of Christianity favoured by Constantius II, the eastern emperor in Constantinople).
The board’s latest coin was struck 355-8, so it must have been collected and buried after the usurpers’ defeat and suicide in 353. The Bristol region produces a cluster of contemporary hoards – were they buried in the years immediately following the failed usurpation when the Roman authorities purged Britain of Magnentian supporters?
The hoard was excavated by Cotswold Archaeology and the article, which will be published in the next issue of Numismatic Chronicle, is co-authored with CA’s Ed McSloy.
New pages about Roman Caerleon now available! Details of 4 innovative research projects, including the excavations at Priory Field and the Southern Canabae. Check them out here.
15 March 2021
Excited to be launching the new website for Vianova Archaeology & Heritage Services!
It happens to be the Ides of March, but we’ve been to the Augures and they’ve comfrmed that today is an auspicious day. We certainly think so!